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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has changed its guidelines concerning sterilization of handpieces that cannot be autoclaved. Former guidelines requiring autoclaving for all handpieces were in conflict with manufacture’s sterilization instructions for several new devices. CDC guidelines now allow for FDA cleared handpeices to be sterilized following the manufactures instructions. This change affects newer devices that have components that can be damaged by the high heat of autoclaving.
It is best to check with the handpiece manufacturer before sterilizing new handpieces for the first time. 
For more information on infection prevention best practices, review the CDC’s document: Summary of Infection Prevention Practices in Dental Settings: Basic Expectations for Safe Care.
The CDC also offers, DentalCheck a free mobile app, available for both iOS and Android devices. ‎CDC DentalCheck helps dental health care personnel ensure they are meeting the minimum expectations for safe care practices to prevent dental infections.